SUDAK  : : 


Majestic ruins of an ancient fortress, health-resorts all in the greenery of parks, gardens and vineyards, fresh breathing of the sea, unique relief forms... All these is Sudak — a peculiar nook on the south-east of Crimea. A long-living guidebook can help you can get to know it better. You are offered the 12 edition of the guidebook. The first edition was issued in 1926.

Sudak and its neighbourhood are remarkable for their peculiar nature with unique reserves (Novy Svet and Karadag) and rich history. There are more than one hundred of historical and cultural memorials... Many of them are of world significance.

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The region described is located at the junction of the southern and eastern coasts of Crimea and notable for the great variety of its relief forms: quaint mountains and capes, flat hills and values squeezed between even «tables» of the terraces, ancient coral reefs and an extinct volcano, karst caves, aqueous and abyssal rocks, various minerals, unique «Cimmerian» scenery.

There are 160 types of arboreous and shrug species of plants a great deal of which are relic. Among them are a Sudak pine and a tree-juniper. The climate is soft and droughty. The number of sundial is quite high and the holiday season is the longest over Crimea.

Sudak and its neighbourhood were inhabited at the beginning of the primitive communal system. The trace of people of the Stone, Bronze and Iron Ages were discovered here. Taur dwellings were excavated. Antique settlements and traces of alans were discovered. Byzantine and Genoese periods of history are of especial interest.

Connections with Kiev Russia and Moscow Russia, the influence of the Golden Horde,Crimean Khanate,Osman Turks can be traced. There is plenty of information on Sudak history from ancient times and till our time.

Sudak is a cradle of Crimean wine-making and a fatherland of native Champagne. In Sudakskaya, Kozskaya, Otuzskaya and other valleys people have been growing grapes and making vine from ancient times. There are varieties of grapes that are indigenous. The wine produced from these grapes is quite original-sweet kokur "Surozh", port "Surozh", "Chemy Doctor" and other native sorts of wine. Very reputed are wine-growing farms of Sudak, Koktebel, Solnechnaya Dolina,Mimoye...

Champagne manufactured in the plant of Novy Svet is famous both here and abroad. Attar of roses is also well known far beyond Crimea.

Sudak is a wonderful health resort where breathing, cardiovascular and nervous system diseases are treate'd. Climate and sea are very important medical factors. In the town and within its suburbs there are a number of sanatoriums, rest homes, guest houses.

Sudak has always attracted travelers, scholars, writers, artists and other people of culture. It's name is related to the names of outstanding scientists. The houses of Academy members P. Pallas and Kh. Stiven are preserved to present day. N. Andrusov, I. Puzanov and other renowned naturalists used to work here.

Poet V. Kapnist spent much time in Sudak. Painter I. Aivazovsky lived in his summerhouse here. Sudak influenced the works of K. Bogaevsky, M. Voloshin, L. Lagorio, M. Latri, A. Benua and other artists. It was here that D. Spendiarov composed many of his compositions.

Due to its rich and fascinating nature,exciting past and present,Sudak keeps attracting figures of science and culture.

A. Polkanov